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Tag: Disease Ecology and Evolution

  1. Vector Aedes aegypti, from functional genetics to ecological analyses

    Mosquitoes cause 400,000 malaria deaths and transmit viruses to hundreds of millions. The vectorial capacity of mosquitoes depends on their ability to survive infection. However, it remains unclear what key mechanisms underlie the mosquito tolerance and resistance to infection with multiple microbes (bacteria, fungi, microbiota, viruses). We are particularly interested in approaches ranging from lab controlled […]

  2. Esther Angert

    Our research explores the impact of host behavior and nutritional needs on the evolution of intestinal symbionts. Current projects include the study of signals that coordinate the physiology and development of intestinal bacteria with the feeding activity of their host. We are also interested in[...]
  3. Mosquito venereal transmission of arboviruses.

    Dengue (DEN) is the most prevalent arthropod-borne viral (arboviral) disease in the world; DEN disease incidence has increased dramatically in the last 50 years. Ae. aegypti is the most important vector of DENV to human hosts and the vector remains persistently infected with DENV for life. Understanding interepidemic maintenance of the virus is essential for […]

  4. Avery August

    The August lab is interested in infection-based and environment signals that trigger inflammation. We are particularly interested in signals regulated by the Tec family kinases, and how they regulate activation of cells such as mast cells and T cells to drive their differentiation and production[...]
  5. Ilana Brito

    I study how microbes in the human microbiome are transmitted among individuals, using a wide range of approached including shotgun metagenomics of microbiome communities, culture-based methods, and single-cell analyses. Another main focus is horizontal transmission of genes between members of the microbiome, specifically focusing on[...]
  6. Nicholas Buchon, Department of Entomology

    Nicolas Buchon

    The Buchon lab focuses on the impact of pathogens and the microbiota on body homeostasis. We use systemic infection as a model for septicemia, and the gut response to infection as a model for mucosal immunity. Genomic and genetic approaches allow us to characterize new[...]
  7. Clare Casteel, PPPMB

    Clare Casteel

    Numerous studies demonstrate that vector-borne pathogens influence host characteristics, resulting in altered host-vector interactions and enhanced transmission. We seek to determine the molecular mechanisms that underlie this phenomenon and use this knowledge to develop innovative control strategies using genetic and biochemical approaches. Current focuses are[...]
  8. Yung-Fu Chang, Population Medicine and Diagnostic Sciences

    Yung-Fu Chang

    My research focuses on the pathogenesis of bacterial diseases and vaccine protection mechanisms.  My lab is working on the interaction of host receptors and virulence factors of C. difficile (toxins), Leptospira spp, and F. nucleatum (adhesins).  We are also working on the mucosa immunity against F. nucleatum and M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis using outer membrane vesicle[...]
  9. Andrew Clark, Molecular Biology & Genetics

    Andrew Clark

    We study the molecular evolution and population genetics of the immune system in Drosophila and other insects, specifically focusing on comparative genomics and transcriptional regulation of the immune response. We also explore host genetic variation in microbiome composition and function in a large human twin study and[...]
  10. Shaun Cross, CIHMID Postdoc

    Shaun Cross

    Shaun’s research focuses on the development of sequencing technologies to better elucidate host-virus interactions using enteric viruses (rotaviruses and mammalian orthroreoviruses). By augmenting spatial transcriptomic sequencing platforms, he aims to understand how the host reacts to viral infections across space and time and how these[...]